By William Gervase Clarence-Smith
Contemporay debates approximately Muslim slavery happen in a context of fierce polemics among Islam and different trust structures. whereas Islamic teams had an ambivalent and customarily muted influence at the felony repudiation of slavery, a transforming into non secular dedication to abolition was once crucial if laws used to be to be enforced within the 20th century. Drawing on examples from the complete 'abode' of Islam, from the Philipines to Senegal and from the Caucasus to South Africa,Gervase Clarence-Smith levels around the heritage of Islam, paying specific cognizance to the interval from the past due 18th century to the current. He indicates that "sharia-minded" makes an attempt to accomplish nearer adherence to the holy legislations constrained slavery, whether they didn't finish it. despite the fact that, the sharia itself was once no longer as transparent concerning the legality of servitude as is generally assumed, and revolutionary students in the colleges of legislation may also have completed complete emancipation over the long run. The effect of mystical and millenarian Islam was once contradictory, every so often delivering a supportive time table of freedom, yet in different situations inflicting nice surges of enslavement. The revisionist Islam that emerged from the 18th century used to be divided. "Fundamentalists" under pressure the literal fact of the founding texts of Islam, and therefore came upon it tough to desert slavery thoroughly. "Modernists,' beautiful to the spirit instead of to the letter of scripture, spawned the main radical rivals of slavery, significantly Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan, the Islamic William Wilberforce. as soon as slavery had disappeared, it was once the Sufi mystics who did such a lot to combine former slaves socially and religiously, heading off the deep social divisions that experience plagued Western societies within the aftermath of abolition. during this vital new ebook, Clarence-Smith offers the 1st normal survey of the Islamic debate on slavery. Sweeping away entrenched myths, he hopes to stimulate extra learn in this missed subject, thereby contributing to therapeutic the non secular rifts that threaten to rip our international aside within the twenty first century.