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By Aminah Beverly McCloud

This attractive advent to Islam examines its lived reality,its around the world presence, and the diversity of ideals and practicesencompassed by means of the faith. the worldwide viewpoint uniquelycaptures the variety of Islam expressed all through differentcountries at this time. * A accomplished, multi-disciplinary, and worldwide advent toIslam, overlaying its background in addition to present concerns, experiences,and demanding situations * accommodates key new study on Muslims from a spread ofcountries throughout Europe, Latin the USA, Indonesia, and MalaysiaCentral Asia * without delay addresses arguable concerns, together with politicalviolence and terrorism , anti-western sentiments, andIslamophobia * Explores assorted responses from a number of Islamic communitiesto globalizing tendencies * Highlights key styles inside of Islamic historical past that shed lightupon the origins and evolution of present pursuits andthought

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One of these was the Ottoman principality. The Ottomans have a long history. In 1453 they became the undisputed rulers of the old Byzantine Empire. They were Muslims, but they ruled over a largely Christian land, many of whose inhabitants would eventually become Muslims; today Islam is as much a part of the Balkans as Orthodoxy or Catholicism is. In 1517 one of their greatest sultans, Selim I, conquered much of the Arabic-speaking world, turning the Ottomans into an international power overnight.

Many of the earliest converts were Muhammad’s kin or other members of his tribe, the Quraysh. His revelation, as will be discussed later, was perceived as threatening to the existing social order, and, as a result of the subsequent persecution, the early Muslim community was forced to relocate in Medina (originally Yathrib). It was there that the community was able to create an early Islamic state, or political order, with Muhammad at its head. At this point Muhammad not only acted as a prophet but, to use Montgomery Watt’s (1961) words, he became a statesman.

1961). Muhammad: Prophet and Statesman. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Rahman, Fazlur (1979). ). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 29 3 Religious Structures Tawhīd Laith Saud Outline Introduction31 Tawhīd: The Organizing Principle of Islamic Thought 32 Introducing Basic Islamic Beliefs and Texts 34 Rethinking Islam: The Message, the Messenger, and God 36 The Qurʾan: The Recitation 41 Revelation42 Ethics and Law 46 The Qurʾan and the Five Pillars 47 Notes50 Discussion Questions 50 Suggested Further Reading 50 Introduction Of the Abrahamic faiths, Islam is the easiest to understand theologically: it has only one central concept – that of the one single creator, who is the source of the universe.

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