By V.L. Ginzburg
In approximately technological know-how, Myself and Others, Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg, co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics and Editor of the assessment magazine Physics-Uspekhi, presents an perception into glossy physics, the lives and works of alternative fashionable physicists he has identified, and perception into his personal lifestyles and perspectives on physics and past.
Divided into 3 components, the e-book begins with a evaluate of the main difficulties in modern physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, interpreting their old improvement and why they pose this kind of problem to modern physicists and for society. half One additionally contains information of a few of Professor Ginzburg's paintings, together with superconductivity and superfluidity. half encompasses a number of articles at the lives and works of a number of fashionable physicists, together with the writer. The 3rd half is a suite of articles that supply a private view of the writer, describing his own perspectives and memories on a number wider themes.
Taken jointly, this number of articles creates an relaxing evaluation of physics, its philosophy, and key avid gamers in its sleek improvement within the twentieth Century. certainly, it will likely be an stress-free learn for pro physicists and non-scientists alike.
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Neither I nor my Soviet colleagues could communicate with them because of the existence of the Iron Curtain. I was ﬁrst able to go abroad (to Poland) to a scientiﬁc conference only in 1962. Copyright © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd. Some comments (astrophysics) 27 matter is as follows. 8) 8πG i. e. for a positive energy density εv > 0, the pressure is pv < 0, which corresponds to repulsion. This should be comment on, at least brieﬂy. The point is that, in general relativity, the acting gravitational mass of unit volume is equal to (ε+3p)/c2 (see, for example, [77, 229]).
Such galaxies with very bright nuclei include quasars which were ﬁrst discovered (or, more precisely, identiﬁed as far extragalactic objects) in 1963 with the identiﬁcation of quasar 3C273. I would not like to go into the history of the problem. Suﬃce it to say that nuclei bright in optics do not exist in all the galaxies or all the time. Among them, quasars are those which are also bright in the radio band (QSR or QSS—quasi-stellar radio sources). Quasi-stellar objects which are not powerful radio sources are referred to as QSO (quasi-stellar objects).
It is discussed later. An important discovery in recent years has been the compelling proof that Ω = 1, i. e. 7 In addition, it became clear that some ‘vacuum matter’, 7 In popular cosmological literature, the cosmological expansion is frequently treated as an explosion of some mass in an empty space with a subsequent expansion of the Copyright © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd. 26 Problems of physics and astrophysics (thirty years later) frequently termed as ‘dark energy’ or ‘quintessence’, also substantially contributes to the value of Ω.