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By Rachel G. Fuchs

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Additional info for Abandoned children: foundlings and child welfare in nineteenth-century France

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111 4. L'enfant dans le tour de l'Hospice des Enfants Trouvés and La réception de l'enfant par les Soeurs, Henri Pottin. 112 5. Identification necklace of silk cord. 124 6. Identification necklace made of bone beads and pewter medal. 124 7. ''L'Enfants et le Bain," by Noël Dorville for L'Assiette au beurre. 132 8. La crèche de l'Hospice des Enfants-Assistés, from L'Illustration. 140 9. La crèche de l'Hospice des Enfants-Assistés, from L'Illustration. 140 10. Les Enfants Trouvés, by Marlet. 141 11.

Most often, of course, these abandoned infants did not survive. In 1714 the directors of the Hôpital Général established another facility for parentless children. This institution, known as the Maison du Faubourg St. Antoine, was designed to receive sick or infirm abandoned children as well as children who returned from the wet nurse or foster parents in the country. Since surviving abandoned children only stayed with their foster parents until they were between four and seven years of age, this institution in Paris was deemed necessary to receive these children when they returned from the country.

And at age three or four they returned to a church-run charity hospital until they could be apprenticed. There are no mortality figures for the early centuries, but it seems reasonable to suppose that infants left in the shell-shaped cradle of stone, deprived of a wet nurse or a mother's milk, did not have a long life expectancy. The financial system for the support of abandoned children did not encourage local nobles to take an interest in the children's survival and some probably saw their own advantage best served if the children did not survive to place a drain on their pocketbooks.

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